National day of Avicenna marked in Iran

The Iran Project – In Iran, August 23 is celebrated as National Doctors Day in honor of Abu Ali Sina, known in the West by the Latinized name ‘Avicenna’.

Avicenna, a Persian physician, philosopher, and scientist, is considered one of the most influential figures in the medieval Islamic world. He made significant contributions to the fields of philosophy and medicine.

Avicenna’s renowned works include the Kitāb al-shifāʾ (Book of the Cure), a comprehensive encyclopedia covering philosophy and science, and Al-Qānūn fī al-ṭibb (The Canon of Medicine), a famous book in the history of medicine.

Avicenna’s philosophical system had a profound impact on Islamic and European medieval philosophy. He drew from Platonic and neo-Platonic thoughts, but his unfinished enterprise prevented him from fully establishing a new philosophical system.

At the age of 16, Avicenna turned to medicine and gained mastery in the field. He became famous for curing the sultan of Bukhara when other physicians failed. Throughout his life, Avicenna wrote extensively on various subjects, including mathematics, astronomy, physics, metaphysics, and poetry.

His works, particularly the Kitāb al-shifāʾ and Al-Qānūn fī al-ṭibb, have had a lasting influence on philosophy and medicine. The Canon of Medicine has been widely regarded as the most prominent and influential book in medicine in both Islamic countries and Medieval Europe.

Avicenna’s legacy is commemorated in various ways. The Mausoleum of Avicenna in Hamadan, Iran, is a national monument and serves as a tribute to his contributions. Avicenna is considered a national icon in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan. Numerous monuments and buildings have been named after him in different countries.

In recognition of the importance of ethics in scientific achievements, UNESCO awards the Avicenna Prize every two years to individuals and groups who integrate ethics in science. This prize aims to highlight the significance of ethics in scientific advancements.