Al Monitor | Bijan Namdar Zanganeh, the most experienced minister in the Islamic Republic of Iran, has yet again been entrusted with one of the most challenging portfolios in the Hassan Rouhani administration: the Ministry of Petroleum (MoP). Experts agree that in the past four years, Zanganeh and his team have managed to rehabilitate the petroleum sector after the damaging years under former President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s (2005-2013) trial and error mentality and external sanctions. Now, Zanganeh and the MoP have new ambitions in the next four years, which will most probably be his final term as petroleum minister.
In his presentation to parliament prior to his latest vote of confidence in early August, Zanganeh outlined the following plans for the non-gas subsectors in the next four years:
- Development of shared oil fields.
- Signing of new contracts with the goal of developing shared fields and increasing the rate of recovery from the country’s oil basins using the latest technologies and foreign investment in order to generate employment.
- Increasing the production capacity of oil with the goal of surging or at least maintaining Iran’s share of the global trade and improving Iran’s position in OPEC with the goal of empowering Iran economically, politically and securitywise.
- Renovating the old and degenerated segments of the oil industry.
- Constructing an oil terminal in the Sea of Oman.
- Completing the value chain in the petrochemical sector.
- Shifting away from exporting crude oil and emphasizing the export of petroleum products.
- Technological promotion in the oil sector and completion of the projects for local manufacturing of equipment.
This is an ambitious list for a four-year term, but the Iranian government will certainly manage to pursue and materialize some of these goals. Some of the objectives are driven by political stakeholders (such as the focus on shared fields), some by security considerations (such as the oil terminal in the Sea of Oman) and others by technocrats (such as the introduction of the latest technologies). At the same time, the core challenge in achieving all of the listed targets will be to attract the needed foreign investment and technology. There is no doubt that the signing of the deal with the French Total-led consortium has generated a momentum in the interest of international oil companies (IOCs) to engage the Iranian market.