TEHRAN, Mar. 28 (MNA) – Iranian New Year began on March 21 and Iranians are going to get back to normal life after two weeks of holidays by April 4. As current Iranian year is going to have Parliament elections by winter, this report will review most important legislatures by MPs during last Iranian year.
Iran’s 9th Parliament started working with passing into law the Iran-Algeria Judiciary Cooperation Agreement in Civilian and Trade Affairs in June 2012; now, during three years Parliament passed into law 103 acts except the Annual Budget of the fiscal year beginning March 21 2015.
Overall, the Parliament has passed into law 31 bills so far in its third year of activity. Other important bills have been entrapped in the mechanisms of approval between the Parliament on the one side and executive and judiciary on the other. One such important bill is Minister of Justice Powers Bill which is still in constant exchange between the Judiciary and the Parliament; two more important bills including Government Financial Conduct Regulatory Bill (setting a permanent nature to budget directives) and Competitive Production Barriers Removal Bill (anti-inflation) have been passed into the law, yet the Guardian Council has not yet approved them as law to notify to the government for taking effect. However, part of these passed acts include amendments of past acts and cannot seen as new legislatures.
The last bill passed into the law by Parliament in the fiscal year beginning in March 21 2103 was Interpretation of Footnote 3 Article 9 of Employment and Social Privileges for War Disabled Act. The first bill passed into law in the fiscal year beginning in March 21 2013 was Islamic Republic of Iran and Islamic Republic of Pakistan Security Cooperation Act.
The first legislature notified to the government for taking effect was Amendment to Article 45 of Parliament Internal Regulatory Act; the law was perhaps the most important change into the Parliament’s internal mechanisms, which drastically changed the combination of the Budget Combined Commission after 36 years of the de facto dominance of Budget and Planning Commission over the former. According to the legislature, it was decided that only 9 members of Budget and Planning Commission could be simultaneously members of Budget Combined Commission as well; other members of the Commission, the Bill stated, would be the select members from other specialist commissions of the Parliament. This change was important in that it ended the strict competition in part of the parliamentarians to secure a place in the Commission for its far-reaching influence on the budget in the third year of the Parliament.
Criminal Court Hearing Rules Bill was also an important bill enacted into law by Judiciary and Legal Commission of the Parliament in 2011, but notified to the government for taking effect not until 2014.
Parliamentarians’ Membership and Disqualifying Membership in High Councils, City Councils and Other Related Delegations Act was the subject of many debates between Parliament and Expediency Council, and finally was notified to the government for taking effect.
Notable among amendments to the law was Audit Organization Formation Act; an amendment which eliminated legal barriers on the Organization’s way to extend its audition duties further. The law was reviewed with the Organization’s head in the Parliament open session.
Cadastre Comprehensive Law was also of crucial importance for Parliament. The law would effectively curb illegal land adoption and set clear demarcations to natural resources.
The test implementation of 3 laws were controversial in the Parliament as parliamentarians believed that the test time should not be extended, and the government should find technical glitches during the test implementation and request for changing the law to a permanent state. Patent, Trade Mark, and Industrial Plans Test Implementation Extension Act, Law Enforcement Forces Employment Test Implementation Extension Act, and Disaster Management Formation Test Implementation Extension Act have been among the legislatures parliamentarians extended test implementation in the third year of the 9th Parliament.
The table below gives a list of legislatures made by the 9th Parliament, notified to the government in the third year:
|1||Islamic Republic of Iran and Islamic Republic of Pakistan Security Cooperation Act|
|2||Parliamentarians’ Membership and Disqualifying Membership in High Councils, City Councils and Other Related Delegations Act|
|3||Amendment to Footnote of Article 76 of Parliament Internal Regulatory Act|
|4||Amendments to Cooperative Sector Laws|
|5||Disaster Management Formation Test Implementation Extension Act|
|6||Armed Forces Court Hearing Rules and Electronic Hearing Act|
|7||Agreement on Commissioning and Operation of ECO Data Bank about Smuggling and Customs Offences Act|
|8||Islamic Republic of Iran-Iraq Agreement on Mutual Avoidance of Setting Double Tariffs and Data Exchange on Taxes on Income and Capital Act|
|9||Amendment Protocol of Iran-Cuba Commercial Shipping Line Agreement Act|
|10||Reform Act of Islamic Republic of Iran’s Adoption of 1978 Protocol of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL,1973/78) Passed 2001 and Subsequent Amendments|
|11||Islamic Republic of Iran’s Membership in International Committee of Military Medicine Act|
|12||The International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (or STCW) 2010 Conference Resolution Act|
|13||Islamic Republic of Iran’s Adoption of the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims Act|
|14||Agreement on Interstate Mutual Promotion and Support for Investments Act|
|15||Islamic Republic of Iran-People’s Republic of China Cooperation Agreement on Fighting Supranational Crimes Act|
|16||Cooperation Agreement on Caspian Sea Security Act|
|17||Electronic Commerce Development Centre Service Tariff Setting Act|
|18||Act Permitting Ministry of Industry, Trade, and Mines to Sign Limited Working Contracts with Market Regulation Auditors|
|19||Interpretation of Section C of Footnote 16 of 2015 Budget Plan Act|
|20||Reform Act of Sections (1), (6), and (7) of General Policies of Article 44 of the Constitution|
|21||Patent, Trade Mark, and Industrial Plans Test Implementation Extension Act|
|22||Interpretation of Section (133) of Direct Taxation and Subsequent Amendments Act|
|23||Act Granting Islamic Republic of Iran Membership in Union of the Insurers and Reinsurers of Commercial and Non-Commercial Risks in Member States of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Arab Investment & Export Credit Guarantee Cooperation and Adoption of Its Statute|
|24||Security-Privacy Delimitation of Nationwide Buildings and Installations|
|25||Incorporation of Three Addenda to Sections (2) and (4) and Reforming Of Section (6) of Supreme Labour Council Formation Act|
|26||Law Enforcement Forces Employment Test Implementation Extension Act|
|27||Amendment to Some Sections of Law of National Audit Organization Formation Act|
|28||Balanced Resource Allocation to Improve Less Developed Regions Act|
|29||Amendment to Section (5) of Social Security Provision for Construction Labourers Act|
|30||Cadastre Comprehensive Law|
|31||Amendment to Cooperative Production and Land Integration in Rural Cooperatives Activity Domain|