Dangers and threats, arising from a drier, warmer Iran – and the need to both mitigate and adapt to this future reality – remain one of Iran’s major human security challenges of the future. Iran, like many countries rich in natural resources, has used a development approach, which has overburdened the use of its non-renewable resources and under-invested in its renewable ones.
In this context, there is a pressing need for an improved – and more sustainable – management of Iran’s natural resources.
Much of Iran’s future success will depend on how it plans and manages its natural resources, with a need for focusing more on planning and inter-sector programmes and coordination. The priority issues requiring attention are water security, land degradation (including both desertification and deforestation), the need to shift to renewable energy sources, air and water pollution (including the problem of dust and sand storms) and the dramatic loss of biodiversity.
At the request of the Government, the UN has engaged in sustained work on the issues of environmental integrated management, conservation and the sustainable use of natural resources.
Another central tenet of the UN’s work has been the mainstreaming of environmental economics into national planning and promoting the effective prevention of and response to environmental pollution.
Climate change mitigation and adaptation have also been key work areas.
The UN has worked towards one key outcome under the environmentally sustainable development priority area:
• Enhancement of national capacities at national, sub-national and local levels.
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