With the spotlight on population growth, how many children should a couple have and what the government can do to encourage large families is an important topic of discussion among researchers, experts, lawmakers, and government officials.
Most Iranian families are not planning on having more than two children and many are happy with having only one.
The declining population growth rate prompted observers and officials alike to come up with a long list of proposed measures to reserve the alarming trend.
Iran has had two population growth control experiences in the last 50 years. The first family planning measures were introduced by the government in the 1960s, when there was a drastic population growth.
After the Islamic revolution in 1979, the plan was abandoned until 1986. In the 1980s and 1990s, the government implemented strict family planning laws after a baby boom following the revolution and while the country was struggling with economic problems during the 8-year Iran-Iraq war.
Lawmakers are proposing to allocate 4 billion dollars to a plan that will help create incentives for young Iranians to get married and have children. The target groups are mainly university students and young men serving the military.
Meanwhile, Iran also has one of the steepest urban growth rates in the world. The increasing trend to migrate from villages to urban centers is another reason for the decline in Iran’s population growth rate.
By Press TV
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