During the talks with his US counterpart, Russian President Vladimir Putin stressed the importance of sticking to the initial parameters of the JCPOA, said Russian presidential aide Yuri Ushakov.
“The presidents touched upon the Iranian problem. <…> Our president stressed the importance and necessity of implementing the initially agreed parameters of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on the Iranian nuclear program,” he said, TASS reported.
According to Ushakov, Biden expressed the hope that “the Vienna talks on this matter that were resumed in late November will proceed in a more constructive atmosphere and solutions acceptable for all the participants would finally be reached.”
“However, Biden noted the Iranian partners’ alleged unpreparedness to follow this path,” he added.
Former US President Donald Trump unilaterally left the 2015 nuclear deal — officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) — in May 2018 and re-imposed the anti-Iran sanctions that the deal had lifted. He also placed additional sanctions on Iran under other pretexts not related to the nuclear case as part of his “maximum pressure” campaign.
Following a year of strategic patience, Iran decided to let go of some of the restrictions on its nuclear energy program, resorting to its legal rights under the JCPOA, which grants a party the right to suspend its contractual commitments in case of a non-performance by the other side.
The administration of US President Joe Biden had voiced willingness to compensate for Trump’s mistake and rejoin the deal, but it has retained the sanctions as leverage.
After a five-month hiatus, envoys from Iran and the P4+1 group of countries — Britain, France, Russia, and China plus Germany — began on November 29 the seventh round of talks in Vienna to resurrect the JCPOA.
At the talks, the first under President Ebrahim Raeisi, the Iranian delegation presented two detailed draft texts; One on the removal of US sanctions and the other on Iran’s return to its nuclear commitments under the JCPOA.