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Infertility has a precise definition, and it is defined as trying to conceive by having frequent intercourse for at least a year without a pregnancy occurring.
Female infertility, or even male infertility, or a combination of the two, affects many couples around the world.
Approximately 10 to 18% of couples have difficulty conceiving or giving birth.
Diagnosing the causes of female infertility is not easy. It is essential to know that treatments are chosen according to the cause of infertility.
About 95% of infertile couples experience a successful pregnancy after two years of trying to conceive.
Symptoms of infertility
Menstrual cycles that are too long, 35 days or more, or too short, such as less than 21 days, and irregular menstruation can mean that women do not ovulate.
When to see a doctor diagnose infertility
Most doctors advise women to get pregnant at least one year before the age of 35 before a pregnancy test or treatment.
If you are between 35 and 40 years old and you are still not pregnant after six months of trying to conceive, you can discuss your concerns with your doctor.
If you are over 40 years old, your doctor will probably try to test or treat your pregnancy right away.
If you have a history of irregular or painful menstruation, pelvic inflammatory disease, or recurrent miscarriage, your doctor will probably start treatment or pregnancy tests sooner.
Also, if you have cancer or endometriosis, your doctor will start treatment sooner.
?What are the causes of infertility
Each of these factors is essential for pregnancy, and their absence may cause infertility:
Ovulation is one of the main factors for pregnancy.
With your doctor’s help, you can evaluate your menstrual cycle and ovulation.
Men should have good sperm.
This is not a common problem among couples unless the man has had a specific illness or surgery in the past.
There are a few simple tests to assess sperm health.
One of the main factors for pregnancy is that you should have sex regularly.
Your fallopian tubes should be open and have a normal uterus.
The egg and sperm collide in the fallopian tubes for fertilization. The fetus also needs a healthy uterus to grow.
Every stage of the human reproductive process must be done correctly for pregnancy to occur.
What is the method of infertility and in vitro fertilization?
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is one of the methods of pregnancy. Louise Brown is the first baby to be born this way. In 1978 in England, her mother was the first to experience this method of pregnancy.
Unlike the simple process of artificial insemination in which sperm is implanted in the uterus, IVF involves combining eggs and sperm outside the body and in a laboratory setting.
After the embryo or embryo is formed, they are placed in the uterus.
IVF is a complicated and expensive procedure. About 5% of couples who experience infertility use this method.
This method was introduced in the United States in 1981 as one of the infertility treatments. Since then, more than 200,000 babies have been born using IVF and other similar methods.
If a man or woman is diagnosed as infertile, IVF will be a good option for experiencing pregnancy.
People with endometriosis, low sperm count, and problems with the uterus or fallopian tubes can use this method. It is also recommended for people with ovulation problems or antibody problems that damage sperm or eggs.
This method of pregnancy will be suitable for you if you have problems such as the inability of sperm to survive in the cervical mucosa and genetic disease of the mother or father or a strange fertility problem.
If other methods of pregnancy, such as the use of fertility drugs and artificial insemination, have not been effective, you can eventually use the IVF method to experience pregnancy.
What do you know about artificial insemination?
Artificial insemination is a new method of fertility treatment. This method is used to transfer sperm directly to the cervix or to conceive.
Most sperm are amplified to increase the chance of pregnancy.
There are two main methods for artificial insemination: (IUI) and (ICI). Some women may need to take certain medications to stimulate the growth of ovarian follicles and increase the chance of pregnancy.
Doctors may recommend that couples do the following to be effective in artificial insemination:
- Have unprotected sex for six months if a woman is over 35 years old.
- Women under 35 also have unprotected sex for one year.
In IUI, sperm enters the uterus directly from behind the cervix. The steps of this process are very similar to the ICI steps, but this method uses superior sperm for pregnancy and must be done in a doctor’s office.
This helps the sperm to concentrate, which increases a woman’s chances of getting pregnant.
The doctor uses a unique tool called a speculum to make it easier to access the uterus. These thin, special instruments are inserted into the vagina and insert the sperm into the uterus.
What determines the success rate of the new pregnancy methods mentioned above?
- Female age
- Identify the leading causes of infertility
- Use of fertility drugs
The difference between icsi and IVF
In vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) are the most common reproduction methods.
The way eggs are fertilized by sperm is the main difference between IVF and ICSI.
In IVF, large numbers of eggs and sperm are placed in a particular container to fertilize themselves. But in the ICSI method, a sperm is injected directly into the egg.
It is essential to know that this treatment is different from intrauterine insemination (IUI) how sperm enters a woman’s uterus during the menstrual cycle. IUI is less successful than IVF and ICSI.
If the cause of your infertility depends on your sperm, ICSI is the best method. In general, ICSI is the most common and successful treatment for male infertility and helps sperm.
In this article, we wanted to introduce you to the treatment of disbelief. If you are not able to have children, you can try the IVF method under the supervision of carefultrip specialists.
Carefultrip institute has skilled doctors in the field of IVF. By trying IVF in Iran pregnancy method, you will give yourself and your spouse another chance to experience childbearing.
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