Russia’s representative to the international organizations in Vienna says the restoration of the 2015 nuclear deal would benefit the international community by facilitating trade with Tehran and boosting security in the Middle East.
Mikhail Ulyanov made the remarks in a meeting of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)’s 35-nation Board of Governors in Vienna where talks to revive the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) have dragged on how to bring the US back to compliance.
“The JCPOA restoration is in the interest of the entire international community,” he said.
Ulyanaov said the JCPOA facilitates trade and economic cooperation with the Islamic Republic and contributes to security in the Middle East and worldwide.
“Members of the managing board and all pragmatic countries who are seriously concerned about the future of nuclear non-proliferation and international security, need to support the JCPOA talks underway in Vienna,” he added.
Envoys from Iran and the P4+1 group of countries — Britain, France, Russia, and China plus Germany — have been holding talks in Vienna aimed at revitalizing the JCPOA and bringing the US back to compliance.
A US delegation is also in the Austrian capital, but it is not attending the discussions because the United States is not a party to the nuclear accord.
Former US president Donald Trump abandoned the deal and reimposed the anti-Iran sanctions that the JCPOA had lifted. He also placed additional sanctions on Iran under other pretexts not related to the nuclear case as part of the “maximum pressure” campaign.
Following a year of strategic patience, Iran resorted to its legal rights stipulated in Article 26 of the JCPOA, which grants a party the right to suspend its contractual commitments in case of non-compliance by other signatories, and let go of some of the restrictions imposed on its nuclear energy program.
Now, the new US administration says it wants to compensate for Trump’s mistake and rejoin the deal, but it is showing an overriding propensity for maintaining some of the sanctions as a tool of pressure.
Tehran insists that all sanctions should first be removed in a verifiable manner before the Islamic Republic reverses its remedial measures.
“If the nuclear deal is not restored, all of this will continue and get worse. However, the IAEA has managed to ensure a proper level of transparency on Iran’s nuclear program so far …. For all we know, despite certain routine issues, Tehran is ready for cooperation and creates no obstacles for the work of inspectors,” Ulyanov said.