The Iran Project

Russia says Iran’s nuclear activities ‘fully transparent, verifiable’

Russia says Iran’s recent decision to enrich uranium to up to 20 percent has “nothing to overdramatize,” and that the country’s nuclear program is “fully transparent and verifiable.”

In a post on his Twitter account on Monday, Russia’s Permanent Representative to International Organizations in Vienna Mikhail Ulyanov said, “We aren’t enthusiastic about further deviation of Tehran from its commitments under #JCPOA. But there is nothing to overdramatize. The nuclear programme remains fully transparent and verifiable.”

He was referring to the landmark nuclear deal between Iran and six world powers, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), whose future has been in limbo since the unilateral US withdrawal and the European signatories’ inaction to save the accord.

The diplomat added, “We should focus on means to restore comprehensive implementation of the nuclear deal.”

The remarks came after Iran began the process of enriching uranium to 20 percent at Fordow facility near the city of Qom.

The measure was taken under a law, dubbed the Strategic Action Plan to Counter Sanctions, which has been already approved by the Parliament (Majlis).

The legislation requires the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) to produce at least 120 kilograms of 20-percent enriched uranium annually and store it inside the country within two months.

It also urges the AEOI to start the installation, gas injection, enrichment and storage of nuclear materials up to an appropriate enrichment degree within a period of three months usingIran’s uranium enrichment, at least 1,000 IR-2m centrifuges.

In another tweet on Monday, Ulyanov emphasized that the new enrichment level was “predictable” in line with the new Iranian law, and that Tehran’s announcement was no “breaking news.”

“The main point is that it remains reversible within possible normalization of the situation around #JCPOA,” he said.Iran’s uranium enrichment,

Iran showed to the world the peaceful nature of its nuclear program by signing the JCPOA in 2015. The agreement was also ratified in the form of a UN Security Council Resolution 2231.

However, Washington left the JCPOA in May 2018 and re-imposed illegal sanctions against Tehran in flagrant violation of Resolution 2231.

The Islamic Republic remained fully compliant with the deal for an entire year, waiting for the co-signatories to fulfill their end of the bargain by offsetting the impacts of Washington’s bans on the Iranian economy.

As the European parties failed to do so, Tehran moved in May 2019 to suspend its JCPOA commitments under Articles 26 and 36 of the agreement covering Tehran’s legal rights.

On Monday, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) confirmed in a report to the UN nuclear watchdog’s member states that Iran had started the new enrichment process.

“The IAEA DG reported today that … the Agency … confirmed that a cylinder containing 137.2 kg of uranium (enriched) up to 4.1% has been connected to the feeding line and production of UF6 (uranium hexafluoride) enriched up to 20% started,” tweeted Kazem Gharibabadi, Iran’s permanent representative to Vienna-based international organizations.

He was referring to IAEA Director General Rafael Grossi and to activity at Fordow plant.

EU urges Iran to refrain from ‘undermining JCPOA’

The European Union called on Iran to avoid any steps that could undermine “the preservation of the nuclear deal.”

Peter Stano, the lead spokesman for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy at the European Commission, said in a news briefing that “the deal will be kept alive as long as all the participants deliver on their obligations.”

“If this announcement is going to be implemented, the announcement by the Iranian authorities, it would constitute a considerable departure from Iran’s nuclear commitments under the JCPOA with serious non-nuclear, non-proliferation implications,” he claimed.

US accuses Iran of ‘nuclear extortion’

A US official, in turn, alleged that Iran’s new enrichment activity is a form of “nuclear extortion.”

“Iran enriching uranium to 20 percent at Fordow is a clear attempt to increase its campaign of nuclear extortion, an attempt that will continue to fail,” Reuters quoted a State Department spokesperson as saying on the condition of anonymity.

Israel claims Iran seeking nukes

Meanwhile, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu claimed Iran’s move to increase the uranium enrichment level proved that the country was seeking nuclear weapons.

“Iran’s decision to continue violating its commitments, raise the level of enrichment and advance its industrial capacities for underground uranium enrichment cannot be explained in any way other than the further realization of its plans to develop a military nuclear program,” he said. “Israel will not allow Iran to produce nuclear weapons.”

Iran has repeatedly asserted that it has never sought and will never seek nuclear arms based on a fatwa (religious decree) issued by Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei. The fatwa bans the production, possession and stockpiling of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction.

Tehran has also expressed its readiness to reverse the suspension of its commitments only if the US returns to the nuclear deal and lifts all sanctions without any preconditions or if the European co-chairs manage to protect business ties with Iran against Washington’s sanctions as part of their contractual obligations.

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