IRNA – Despite Tehran’s years-long commitment to the JCPOA, EU’s still support has remained at the political level, while the Brussels leaders are expected to pay the cost to rescue this deal for getting rid of the dangers of its termination.
The European Union has faced a flood of migrants and asylum-seekers in recent years due to its proximity to the crisis areas of the Middle East and North Africa.
Meanwhile, the rise of terrorist movements has made the continent unsafe for years and raised the voice of protest among European citizens. Therefore, if JCPOA vanished and tensions escalated in the region, it is mostly European Union that will suffer from such a situation not the United States.
It was in this regard that a few days ago, the deputy of Foreign minister for political affairs, Seyyed Abbas Araqchi, during the ninth round of political consultations between Iran and Norway, lambasted Europe’s lack of commitment and emphasized, “Political support is not enough for JCPOA and Europe must pay cost to maintain this agreement otherwise JCPOA will not be able to survive and the United States is responsible for its consequences.’
Since the European Union and the United States are regarded as traditional partners, after US President Donald Tramp’s decision to withdraw the US from this international agreement, more are paying on the performance of Brussels leaders. They have to fulfill the conditions that have been accepted, especially in the development of economic relations with Iran, in the post-JCPOA space.
By contrast, Iran has also embraced its promises; something that even US officials have endorsed in their reports. The adherence of Tehran to JCPOA can be seen in the frequent reports of IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano, who is required to submit a report every three months on Tehran’s collaboration on JCPOA efforts.
Amano, in the 14th and his last quarterly report on Iran’s nuclear activities, reaffirmed Tehran’s constructive cooperation and wrote, ‘The Islamic Republic of Iran has complied with all commitments related to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action,’ a sentence made in 13 previous reports by Amano.
The IAEA’s reports on confirmation of Tehran’s commitment is published every three months that the United States is exerting more economic pressure on Tehran in the face of every day silence of Europe.
The abolition of oil exemptions for eight major Iranian oil buyers was America’s latest attempt to undermine Iran, followed by a ‘maximum pressure’ policy.
In such a situation, the Iranian authorities are expecting for the European practical steps to be taken to save JCPOA. According to observers, if Europe were to implement the mechanisms used to neutralize US sanctions, there would undoubtedly be a little space for maneuvering and acting by Trump. Europeans, every now and then, publicize and maneuver on a mechanism, but after several postponements stages, the mechanism gives way to a new mechanism.
For example, the ‘Special Purpose Vehicle’ (SPV), which was scheduled to enter into the implementation phase by November 2018 and simultaneous with the second round of US sanctions, after a few months delay finally gave its place to INSTEX; The mechanism first reflected on the January 31 in the statement of the three EU member states during a meeting held on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly, but has not yet entered into an executive phase, and the Europeans have related it to the official accession of Iran to ‘ The Financial Action Task Force ‘(FATF).
Making excuse and buying time by Europe has led some experts and officials in our country to conclude that Washington and Brussels are taking steps on the same road.
Therefore, Iran’s foreign minister, Mohammad Javad Zarif, in April criticized in his Twitter page the European positions, and wrote that one year after the United States has illegally abolished the JCPOA, Europe has not been able to collect political will to confront American economic terrorism. Even by creating a bank channel for humanitarian assistance. Instead, the three European countries are satisfying Donald Trump by exerting pressure on the United Nations about Iran defensive capabilities.
Iran’s disappointment over Europe’s commitment to an agreement negotiated for 13 years has been the cause of the non-Europe’s establishment of the INSTEX. Iran, along with Russia, Iraq, China and Turkey, are trying to set up a similar mechanism to INSTEX in order to form a front in the East in the silence of Europe against the Trump unilateral measures.