Press TV- In May, Iran elected its seventh president. The incumbent Hassan Rouhani will take office on August 5 for another four-year term.
Here is a quick look at what precedes his official takeover of the Cabinet, the 12th to come after the victory of the Islamic Revolution of 1979.
Iran’s Guardian Council, a body tasked with screening out the entire election process in the country, should give its approval to the results before they can be deemed officially acceptable. The 12-member council, which includes top clerics and lawyers, carefully studies reports relayed from representatives in the provinces and then decides whether inconsistencies occurred. The 2017 presidential election was approved in the council in late June after it said irregularities were not frequent enough to affect the outcome of the vote.
The president-elect should also gain the approval of the Leader of the Islamic Revolution before he takes office. The term used to distinguish the process is Tanfiz, an Arabic word which means validation. In other words, the Leader validates the outcome of the popular vote by approving the president into office. The Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei was himself validated into office two times in the 1980s when he was president under the founder of the Islamic Revolution Imam Khomeini. During his time of leadership, Ayatollah Khamenei has validated the presidency of four heads of states in seven presidential terms. Rouhani would be exposed to an eighth one on August 3, two days before he attends a parliament session for the final swearing-in ceremony.
The Iranian parliament, officially known as the Islamic Consultative Assembly, or Majlis, hosts a swearing-in ceremony which serves as the official inauguration of the president. During the event, the head of Iran’s judiciary reads the oath of office which should be repeated word by word by the president-elect. The Speaker of Majlis, who also serves as the head of the lawmaking branch of the government, supervises the process performed by heads of the other two branches, namely the judiciary and the presidency. That is how the president is sworn in and could officially begin to perform his duties. After the ceremony, the president would have two weeks to submit a list of his candidates to the parliament for occupying the ministerial roles in the Cabinet.
Reports in the Iranian media have indicated that this year’s swearing-in ceremony, to come on Saturday, August 5, would be attended by delegations from nearly 100 countries, including eight heads of state.