Alwaght- The supporters of Britain’s exit from the EU- or Brexit in short- account for a large portion of the British society. It should be taken into account that one of the reasons behind Britain’s inconsistency with the EU during the past four decades is the different the British cultural make-up and the features making the Britons distinct from other European nations.
The British always saw themselves as superior to other European nations.On the other side, inside the European Union, especially among the French, in the time of government of General Charles De Gaulle there grew pessimism over Britain’s convergence with the EU. So, when De Gaulle was no longer a president of France, the way was paved for London to be member of the EU.
However, even since the beginning of its membership in the EU, Britain showed a poor consistence with other members of the Union for realization of the bloc’s economic and political objectives, rather, it asked for special privileges.The issue of politico-cultural division between Britain and other European countries has always been clear for Europe, and some even suggest that London is the Trojan Horse of Washington inside the EU.
It should be noted that the Americans never wanted to see a powerful EU that stands as a political, economic and security rival to Washington. They want an EU that is economically strong, but is a follower of the US in terms of security and policy. This is why Britain has been one of the main hurdles ahead of an independent EU security body after end of the Cold War and break-up of the Soviet Union.
During the past few decades the Britons failed to take part in a couple of European joint projects and enterprises. An example is Europe’s single currency the Euro. Also, London is not a member of EU’s Schengen Agreement.
Economically, Britain received special privileges from the European Union all to steer clear of going under Brussels’ direct control and supervision umbrella.
During the past five years, an array of issues between Europe and Britain warmed up the talk about whether London should stay as part of the EU or pull out of the European unified bloc. The economic crisis, unemployment and the influx of the refugees coming to the EU were the challenges fuelled the argument of Brexit. The UK independent Party (UKIP) with its anti-refugee inclinations stood as a force pushing the British Prime Minister David Cameron to decide to put on referendum the exit of Britain from the EU. The UKIP made a triumph in the 2014 EU Parliament’s elections, winning 20 seats of Britain in the Union’s parliament. This come while UKIP had no seats in the House of Commons at home.
The UKIP’s growing gain of place in the British society with its nationalistic and anti-refugee policies drove Cameron to draw close to the right-wing faction inside the Conservative Party in a bid to seize the slogans of UKIP on Brexit and so strengthen Conservative Party in Britain’s society. The Brexit discussion turned into a heated campaign idea of the British parties in the 2015 parliamentary election.
David Camron was to a degree successful in his strategy on Brexit as he managed to sweep the majority of the seats of the House of Commons and formed cabinet without need to coalesce with the Liberal Democrats.
Driven by his majority win in the parliamentary elections at home, the British PM tried to usurp concessions from the EU in exchange for supporting Britain stay at the European Union. He called for amendment of refugee laws of the EU. Cameron wanted to be given the right to exclude for a couple of years the EU citizens who stay in Britain from social services presented by the British government until there is a showdown on their refugee status. Although Cameron failed to get all of his demands, the German Chancellor Angela Merkel and other EU leader backing Britain stay in the EU have agreed to give London some privileges. His demands met by the EU, Cameron attempted to prop up the pro-Europe campaign.
However, there appeared side effects with Cameron’s pro-Europe efforts as gaps widened between the right and left factions of the Conservative Party. The Cameron’s campaigning strategy though caused divisions among the Conservatives but also has impaired Labor Party’s position, because the major advocates of staying in the EU are the Labor and the Liberal Democrats.
Cameron’s joining the pro-Europe campaign, in a way, has changed, and even complicated the British parties’ stances on staying or leaving the EU.
Now a varied spectrum of the British society is active in “no or yes to EU campaign”. Now the big economic and financial businesses of Britain are against exit of London from the EU, seeing it very costly and bringing damage to the British economy. On the opposite side, the small British businesses and middle class are supporting the Brexit. A heated confrontation is now under way between the pro-Europe and pro-Brexit Britons.
Polls on the case are conducted in a series of ways, with different results coming out of them. According to the latest phone poll, ordered by the Guardian daily, 47 percent of the British citizens are supporting their country’s stay in the EU while 43 percent endorse the Brexit. Another poll suggests that a majority of the Britons want Britain quit the EU.
Whatever, the emerging poll results suggest that between 10 and 15 percent of the British people are still undecided on supporting stay or exit of Britain from the EU. In fact, the vote of this percentage of the Britons would affect the results of Brexit referendum.