Tehran, Sept 16, The Iran Project – “What if Iran cheats on the deal?” Even prior to reaching the nuclear agreement in July, this has been the controversial dilemma to which the US and its European partners have been drafting a proposal to automatically reimpose the multiple sanctions in case Iran breaches the commitments under the deal.
According to the US mainstream media, Washington’s proposal disables Russia and China to veto the potential resolution to reimpose sanctions, dealing with cheating outside the U.N. Security Council and through a dispute-resolution panel including six powers and Iran. In the simple terms, the West is striving hard to make sure to not be left vulnerable to the potential Iranian deception.
The truth is that such a measure should come as no surprise since as it is often said the historical nuclear accord between Iran and the great powers is not based on trust but based on verification. However, the lack of trust and the fear of disloyalty is also the case on the Iran’s side, since the US and European governments have been deeply hostile toward the country. There are plenty of convincing reasons to suspect that the West may fail in fulfilling the commitments under the deal.
The fact that the United States, as the world superpower, has constantly betrayed other countries and particularly its closed allies reminds us how simply it might break the deal with one of its most troublesome adversary that is Iran. A brief look at the US history in Middle East not long ago, in Iran, Kuwait, Syria, Yemen, Palestine and above all Iraq, clearly proves how US sacrifices the international laws and treaties when it deems necessary.
The collapse of the Iran and Eu3 negotiations in January 2006 which paved the way for a decade-long nuclear deadlock is a clear instance displaying the US and Europeans’ bad faith. That development was followed by the EU-3 report to the United Nations, under the pretext of failure in fulfilling the October 2003 commitments. This was while in 2003 negotiations, Iran agreed to correct all the past safeguard failures, to suspend all uranium enrichment, to clarify all IAEA concerns and to ratify the Additional Protocols. It immediately began the full implementation of the protocols and opened the door to the IAEA inspections for two next years, while in return for this transparency and suspension, Iran received literally nothing.
In short, although there are serious apprehensions about the sincerity of Western rulers, as to whether they can be trusted to uphold their commitments, Iran has frequently reiterated it is firmly committed to fulfil its part of the agreement. However, it reserves the right to take corresponding action in case of any violation of the agreement.