TEHRAN, Aug. 23 (MNA) – Iranian researchers have produced a sample of antibacterial nanocomposite that is able to prevent the transmission of infection and bacteria into human bodies.
Cost-effective and biocompatible materials have been used in the production of the sample of antibacterial nanocomposite that is able to prevent the transmission of infection and bacteria into human bodies, Iran Nanotechnology Initiative Council reports.
Microbial infections and pollution caused by microorganisms have become an important issue in recent years due to the development of societies and population growth. World Health Organization (WHO) invests billions of dollars annually to prevent the transmission of microbial diseases in the developing and undeveloped countries.
In this research, a polymer-based electromagnetic nanocomposite was produced, and its biocompatibility, anti-oxidation, antibacterial and antifungal properties were studied to extend its application in various industries.
Materials used in production of the nanocomposite are relatively cheap and they prevent the environmental pollution due to having properties such as anti-oxidation, antibacterial and antifungal.
It is necessary to produce polymer-based composites with antibacterial properties to be used in hygienic products, packaging of foodstuff, medical applications, water purification systems, filters and administrative equipment. The composites can also be used as coatings in door handles in houses and offices, children toys and computer keyboards to prevent the transmission of microbial infections.
According to the researchers, the three-layer electromagnetic nanocomposite was made of alginic acid natural polymer, the copolymer of poly(aniline-co-pyrrole) and iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles. Based on results, the produced nanocomposite has good biological properties such as anti-oxidation, antibacterial and antifungal.
Results of the research have been published in Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 130, issue 1, 2015, pp. 372-380.