Tehran, Aug 4, IRNA – Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif put forward a significant proposal to the world community which drew attention of public opinion, international media and expert-level circles.
The Tehran-based English newspaper in an article by Reza Nasri on Tuesday, referred to Zarif article published by The Guardian newspaper and said, ‘Foreign minister proposed countries possessing nuclear weapons to start multilateral negotiations for a new weapons elimination treaty.’
Zarif vowed that Iran, in its national capacity and as current chairman of the Non-Aligned Movement, is prepared to work with the international community to achieve these goals. The treaty which includes all countries possessing nuclear weapons will implement the elimination of weapons of mass destruction in two phases:
In the first phase, nuclear-weapons states will de-alert their nuclear warheads. It means they will remove nuclear warheads from delivery vehicles. It aims to reduce the risk of atomic war, lessen the possibility of accidental nuclear war and increase breakout time in critical conditions. Furthermore, with regard to the current serious risk of cyber attacks and the possibility of hacking military warning system, the necessity of implementing the proposal is felt.
The second phase includes harmonious and gradual disarmament in all countries till all WMD are dismantled. It will be backed by a robust monitoring and compliance-verification mechanism.
Aside from security achievements of the recently signed nuclear agreement between Iran and the world powers, the new proposal is of high significance in the following aspects:
Firstly, presenting the proposal sheds light on the fact that Iran, as a strong and influential country, seeks to organize international atmosphere and amend nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in the post-deal era. Iran’s message indicates that not only did it reach a successful agreement in nuclear talks, but also intends to seize this political opportunity to change international security paradigms and make a nuke-free Middle East.
To this effect, the precise and technical strategy proposed by Iran’s foreign minister shows that Iran is absolutely serious to follow the plan.
Secondly, in the introduction of the proposal, Iran’s foreign minister stated that Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action is not merely an agreement between Iran and the P5+1 group, rather it is an accord between a non-nuclear-weapon state and countries possessing nukes.
He intended to remind public opinions that despite the international community’s wish and after six decades of NPT’s establishment, the balance between the two groups has not been found yet.
Thirdly, the proposal will change Israel’s hawkish stance on Iran and the world public opinion to a defensive position. A glimpse at the rising social network users’ likes and media and experts’ reactions support the claim. In fact, public opinion in the West in the post-deal era considers Iran as a country to strengthen NPT in terms of nuclear security. On the other hand, Israel is a violator, lawbreaker, isolated and non-accountable regime.
Fourthly, submitting a peaceful proposal and offering a legal and practical approach with the aim of reinforcing the non-proliferation regime by Tehran’s top diplomat is viewed as a serious obstacle in the way of pro-Israeli lobbies and warmongers in Washington who seek to press Congress to reject the nuclear agreement by spending millions of dollars. In fact, those who will put in a great deal of effort in Congress to portray Iran as a dangerous state and a key factor in disturbing peace and security in the world will face a tough challenge next month.
Fifthly, from legal aspect, Iran’s approach is very important because as said Zarif the disarmament is not only a “legal obligation” in the framework of the NPT, but also it is a “conventional obligation” for all countries. In other words, Iran believes that based on Article 6 of the NPT all countries including nuclear-weapons states must enter disarmament talks. All states are obliged to destroy their weapons of mass destructions based on the “conventional international law”. Indeed, Iran is trying to revive installed potentials of the NPT and expand disarmament to nuclear-weapons states, which are not members of the NPT. Due to the great status of Iran, the move could guarantee a new dynamism in the field of Non-Proliferation Treaty.
This proposal, which was announced ahead of the next session of the UN General Assembly in the New York, has the capacity to have an unprecedented effect on the atmosphere of the international community. In addition to its benefits for the international security, it could also isolate enemies of Iran and warmongers in US Congress and in the region. So, all-out support for the proposal by the people and authorities is vital.