Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has expressed hope that the P5+1 countries, particularly the United States, will understand the situation surrounding Iran’s nuclear energy program.
“Iran has made its utmost efforts…and made the necessary adjustments to its demands and we hope that all the P5+1 countries, particularly the US, which occasionally seeks excessive demands in the nuclear talks, will understand the circumstances,” Rouhani said.
The president added that the two sides would proceed with the talks “at other levels” until November 24.
“If the P5+1 and certain countries pursue a goal to impede Iran’s development and are looking for pretext, this issue is impossible and our nation will never give up the path of development and its rights,” Rouhani stated.
He emphasized that Iran has the right to peaceful nuclear technology within the framework of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s treaties.
Rouhani said that countries should not involve their domestic problems in the talks over Tehran’s nuclear energy program, adding, “This issue is not legal and rational and all the P5+1 members should heed the long-term interests of countries and the region.”
The president expressed Iran’s readiness to take more transparent measures regarding its nuclear energy program based on international regulations and expressed hope Tehran and the P5+1 would reach a win-win agreement.
The Iranian President also said all countries should benefit from peaceful nuclear energy within the framework of the regulations of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
“I do believe that all countries should enjoy peaceful nuclear technologies within the framework of the IAEA [regulations] and the NPT and some countries should not be allowed to monopolize modern technologies,” President Rouhani said.
He further denounced the sanctions policy as a nonstarter, saying all countries should work together for global peace and stability.
“Rusty weapons such as sanctions are not effective anymore,” the Iranian president added, stressing all countries “should join forces for development and establishment of peace and stability in the world.”
Iran pays due regard to friendship, peace, coexistence and unity in its relations with other regional countries, Rouhani stated.
Iran’s foreign minister also said the country is serious in its pursuit of the resolution of the “artificial crisis” about its nuclear energy program.
“Iran is seriously after the resolution of the artificial nuclear crisis and has entered negotiation with absolute good will,” Mohammad Javad Zarif said.
“The issue of sanctions and the issues surrounding it have had no effect on the Iranian nation’s will… to possess peaceful nuclear energy,” said the Iranian top diplomat.
“Some countries have fallen prey to miscalculation owing to wrong analysis.”
Muscat began hosting three days of crucial negotiations over the Islamic Republic’s nuclear energy program on Sunday.
The Muscat meetings discussed the outstanding issues that must be resolved before the conclusion of a final deal on Iran’s nuclear energy program.
On the top of the agenda were the volume of Iran’s uranium enrichment and the timetable for the removal of sanctions. The next round of nuclear talks between Iran and the world powers is set to be held in the Austrian capital Vienna on November 18-24.
Senior Iranian nuclear negotiator Abbas Araqchi also said that no progress has yet been achieved in trilateral talks between Iran, the US, and the EU over Tehran’s nuclear energy program.
Araqchi said negotiations in the Omani capital, Muscat, were useful, however, no headway was made.
He said the sides are now “working on solutions” after months of talks on different subjects, adding that the Iranian side believes that “negotiations in the past two days and discussions were very useful. But we are not still in a position to say that we have made progress. It’s yet to be done in the coming days. We would be available as much as needed here in Oman or in any other places before the deadline of 24 of November. We are still hopeful.”
The top negotiator noted that a lot of work has remained to be done and more expert-level and bilateral meetings were required.
Araqchi added that the process of striking a comprehensive deal on Iran’s nuclear energy program needs “lots of goodwill by all parties and of course readiness to make difficult decisions.”
Araqchi further described the issue of uranium enrichment as a “key question” for the other side and the lifting of sanctions slapped on Iran as a “very important key question” for Tehran.
Referring to different aspects of sanctions, Araqchi said the sides have to find a solution about “how and when these sanctions are removed.”
“It’s a fact that based on a possible comprehensive solution all the sanctions should be lifted,” he said, expressing hope that the negotiating sides could find a settlement to the issue of enrichment.
“Iran would certainly continue its enrichment, but the question is the capacity of this enrichment which should be determined based on our practical needs and that would be something we are very hopeful to come to at the end of these negotiations.”
In response to a question about the political will on the part of the US to find a resolution to the dispute over Iran’s nuclear activities, Araqchi said that the other side, including Washington, apparently has “enough seriousness” and shows “political will and determination.”
“We have seen political determination in all parties in P5+1, but how these political determination or political will is translated into those difficult decisions that the other side should make is yet to be seen.”
The Islamic Republic of Iran has also played down reports that it has agreed to stop injecting gas into its first-generation centrifuges.
Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Marzieh Afkham said that Iran began testing the IR-5 centrifuges before it reached an interim nuclear deal with the P5+1 courtiers in Geneva last November, adding the tests have continued after the agreement as well.
Afkham said Tehran once again tested the IR-5 centrifuges in March in line with nuclear research agenda of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran.
“All reports by the [International Atomic Energy] Agency over the past seven months verified the Islamic Republic of Iran’s commitment to the Geneva deal and no case has been reported about any violation of the agreement,” the Iranian spokesperson added.
She described such reports as media propaganda and said Iran would test the centrifuges whenever it deems necessary.
Afkham’s remarks came after the Washington-based Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS) claimed that Iran may have violated the interim deal by starting to inject natural uranium gas into its IR-5 centrifuges.
Iran’s secretary of Supreme National Security Council has also said Iran is resolved to pursue its peaceful nuclear program to meet its domestic ‘real’ needs.
Ali Shamkhani said that Iran had been closely cooperating with the IAEA with complete transparency in its nuclear activities within NPT framework, and the Agency’s many inspections of Iran’s nuclear facilities were clear testimonies to the claim.
About the latest developments in Iraq and Syria, the Leader’s representative in the Supreme National Security Council believed that definitely “these crises in the region including those in Lebanon seeks to create a margin of security for the Zionist regime and to engage great capacities of the Islamic world in internecine strife.”
He dismissed double standards and approach to the terrorism especially supporting armed rebel fighters in Syria as a direct interference with the country’s internal affairs as contributing to the crisis and thwarting attempts targeting the peace in many conferences and coalitions.
Shamkhani held that the only path to solve the problem in Syria would pass the path of respect for democracy and the will of the people in deciding on their own future and helping restore security and stability in the country as well as bringing to the table all Syrian sides of the conflict.
“Cutting logistical support and arms for the terrorists is also important in any ultimate positive outcome in the crisis,” Shamkhani asserted.
On the Obama’s letter to the Leader of the Islamic Republic where Obama called Iran’s Leader to fight, along with the US, against the ISIL as common enemy, and was severely criticized in the US Congress by Republicans, Shamkhani said that the letter was only one of many ‘confidential correspondences’ by the US leaders which bore clear contradictions; “The letter is an act purported to influence the domestic climate in the US; Iran’s clear and strong positions in the nuclear negotiations reminded the US president our strong will not to accept a nominal enrichment program,” he emphasized.
“Iran would not accept obligations beyond those ordained by the NPT; Iran has had transparent cooperation with the IAEA and with a good will; if the west accurately evaluates the realities adopting a rational approach to the issue, a deal would be in the outreach,” Shamkhani said.
He described sanctions against Iran as ‘cruel’ and ‘illegitimate’ which should be eliminated thank to Iran’s extensive cooperation with the IAEA.
Shamkhani believed that the US ‘absolutely’ sought to win the satisfaction of the Zionist regime in the negotiations, which would wield ‘serious barriers’ on the road to clinch a deal on negotiations climate.
By Iran Review
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