Zanjan charms tourists

Zistboom: Zanjan is a Persian city with a rich history in northwestern Iran. The city is home to several historical monuments and sites.

Hamdollah Mostofi, the Iranian traveler and historian, in his book claims that Zanjan was built by Ardeshir I, the first king of the Sassanid Empire and named “Shahin”.

Zanjan is known for its beautiful handicrafts such as traditional sandals called charoogh and malileh made with silver wires, IRIB reported.

Artists of the city make many things like various decorative dishes and their special covers as well as silver jewelry.

In ancient times, Zanjan was known for its beautiful, sharp knives. But this tradition is gradually becoming extinct with the entry of Chinese–made knives into the market, which are far cheaper but less artistic.

Many villagers today are traditional carpet weavers—perhaps Zanjan’s most popular handcraft. Many tourists visit the attractions of this city every year.

Jame’ Mosque

One of the valuable historical monuments located in the heart of the city is the Jame’ Mosque, also known as Seyyed Mosque.

The mosque was built during the rule of one of the sons of Qajarid King Fath-Ali Shah in 1826 CE. It had a number of names throughout the life of its founder, including Dara Mosque and Jom’eh Mosque.

It is one of the largest and most beautiful mosques of Zanjan with four vaulted doorways. The courtyard of this mosque is oblong and is 48 meters in length and 36 meters in width.

The doorways are situated at the four corners of the courtyard, while the chambers of religious scholars open in the courtyard.

The vaulted doorways have pretty tiles inscribed with verses of Holy Qur’an.

A chapter of Holy Qur’an decorates the dome of this mosque and has added to its beauty.

The city has nurtured many mystics and a large number of influential figures have been educated in this mosque.

Sarcham Caravansary

This caravansary or ancient inn was one of the most important points on the trade route of Rey to Greater Azarbaijan in 8th century AH (after hegira) and was inaugurated during the Ilkhanid reign in 734 AH.

The caravansary comprises a central courtyard, four porticos and rooms. The gateway of which has two brick towers on opposite sides and a decorative, carved door.

A beautiful engraving declares that this caravansary was built during the reign of Abu Seyyed Ilkhanan in 733 AH.

Gonbad-e Soltanieh

Fifty-two kilometers east of Zanjan, there is a wide plain known as Chaman-e Soltanieh.

This plain was inhabited by cattle ranchers who had migrated to Iran from North China and Transoxiana in late 6th century AH and early 7th century AH.

According to historical documents, Gonbad-e Soltanieh was first built by Arghon Khan, the Mongol ruler, and this building reached the peak of its glory during the reign of Sultan Mohammad Khodabandeh.

Gonbad-e Soltanieh is the tomb of Sultan Mohammad Khodabandeh, which was built in the city of Soltanieh, the capital of Ilkhanid Dynasty in 1312 CE. It is one of the most important Iranian and Islamic architectural monuments.

It is a reminder of the peak of glory of Soltanieh nearly 700 years ago. Its decorations and terms marked a turning point in the architectural style of that era.

The dome, with a height of 66 meters and a diameter of 27 meters, has been installed over an octagonal building. It was built by Seyyed Ali Shah.

The building of Gonbad-e Soltanieh consists of three sections, with eight stairways that lead to upper floors and balconies. Over the four balconies of the tomb, there are four large windows, which allow sunshine to enter the building.

The dome is covered by small blue tiles. One of the particular features of the dome is that it is two-layered. Foreign researchers have referred to this tomb as a unique building.

The huge area of this building has added to its grandeur. The interior design of the tomb has been prepared with great precision.

The inner walls have been decorated with plasterworks, large inscriptions and paintings on tiles, while the verses of Holy Qur’an engraved on these walls have added to its beauty.

In general, the architectural style and color of tiles have created a unique building.

The creativity of Iranian architects and engineers has granted grandeur to this building, leading to the registration of this historical monument on UNESCO’s World Heritage List.

Gonbad-e Soltanieh has long drawn the attention of tourists and those interested in historical monuments.

For instance, one of the historians of Teymurid era says this tomb is a unique building.

Professor Andrea Gedar says the tomb is certainly the best example of the architectural style of Mongols and is one of the best feats of Islamic architecture in Iran.

It is said that the large dome of the city of Florence in Italy has been copied from the dome of Gonbad–e Soltanieh.

The dome was renovated on several occasions throughout the Safavid and Qajarid eras, while repairs continue to this day.

Archeological excavations have been carried out in the courtyard of Gonbad–e Soltanieh in different periods of time, leading to the discovery of many historical objects.

Studies on this huge historical monument show that other buildings were later constructed next to the dome.

The majesty of this monument is a sight to behold. Considered one of the biggest brick domes in the world, large numbers of tourists visit throughout the year.

By Zistboom 

 

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