A total of 23 Democrats joined their Republican counterparts to pass the bill from Rep. Roger Williams, R-Texas, 252-167. But the bill’s future is unclear in the Senate, where final passage would be contingent on the support of Democrats who have resisted Republican efforts to alter or withdraw from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
Republicans need the support of at least eight Democrats to get the bill through the Senate’s 60-vote threshold. They’ve already lost a key supporter in Sen. Ben Cardin, D-Md., the top Democrat on the Foreign Relations Committee.
“Sen. Cardin is not supportive of legislation that would violate the United States’ obligations under the JCPOA, which this bill would appear to do since the civilian aircraft issue was specifically called for in the agreement,” Sean Bartlett, a spokesman for Cardin, told Al-Monitor. “Though he opposed the original agreement, since it was entered into he has repeatedly called for rigorous US oversight and compliance.”
Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, and Sen. David Perdue, R-Ga., introduced identical legislation in the Senate at the end of last month. However, Senate leadership has made no guarantees that the bill will make it to the floor, and the Senate Banking Committee has yet to commit to advancing the bill.
“We’re continuing to press the issue with our colleagues,” Cruz told Al-Monitor.
Proponents of the bill reject the assertion that the legislation constitutes a violation of the nuclear deal.